A look back at the esteemed personalities who left us this year, who'd touched us with their innovation, creativity and humanity.
By www.rcammo.com senior producer David Morgan. The Associated Press contributed to this gallery.
Friends of actor and comedian Paul Reubens (August 27, 1952-July 30, 2023) remarked that he was a quiet, unassuming personality off-stage. So, it's ironic that he was best known for the character he created who was entirely the opposite: Pee-wee Herman, a boisterous, fun-loving child-man whose whimsical adventures and anarchic humor – not to mention his propensity to invite people to SCREAM REAL LOUD! – made him a 1980s pop cultural phenomenon.
Pee-wee was born when Reubens was part of the Groundlings, a Los Angeles improv group, in the 1970s. His 1981 live stage show, "The Pee-wee Herman Show," modeled after a typical Saturday morning TV program, featured Reubens and a supporting cast that included Phil Hartman, John Paragon, Edie McClurg and Lynne Marie Stewart. The show was recorded as an HBO special.
Reubens took Pee-wee to the big screen with 1985's "Pee-wee's Big Adventure," in which Pee-wee travels the country on the trail of his beloved stolen bicycle. Directed by Tim Burton and co-written by Hartman, the movie grossed $40 million, and led to "Pee-wee's Playhouse," his actual Saturday morning TV series on CBS. Pee-wee's surreal playhouse was shared with a talking chair, a pterodactyl, a genie's disembodied head, and a magic screen that could transport Pee-wee to animated landscapes. The show, which ran for five seasons, won 15 Emmys, and attracted both children and adults with its anarchic humor.
"There's not really a good answer to how it was allowed to happen," Reubens told GQ magazine in 2016. "It was all kind of a fluke."
He followed with a big-screen sequel, "Big Top Pee-wee," set in a circus. But Reubens faced a real-life media circus after he was arrested in an adult movie theater in Sarasota, Florida, for indecent exposure. He was handed a small fine, but the damage was incalculable. CBS cancelled his show, and his Pee-wee character all but disappeared.
Yet, Reubens continued to work apart from his alter-ego. He had roles in "Batman Returns," "Buffy the Vampire Slayer," "Matilda," the Johnny Depp drama "Blow," "Mystery Men," and the TV series "Murphy Brown," "30 Rock," "The Blacklist" and "Gotham."
Reubens slowly re-introduced Pee-wee, and eventually performed his show on Broadway in 2010. Judd Apatow produced a new Pee-wee movie in 2016 for Netflix, "Pee-wee's Big Holiday."
In his GQ interview Reubens resisted analyzing the connections between himself and the larger-than-life character he created: "It's not because I'm being coy. I just don't think about it. And when I do think about it, it ruins it for me. It takes all the joy out of what I do. And I'm afraid it would change what I do."
Irish singer-songwriter Sinéad O'Connor (Dec. 8, 1966-July 26, 2023), a gifted rebel whose powerful voice was matched with provocative statements, became a superstar in her mid-20s with her shattering 1990 cover of the Prince ballad "Nothing Compares 2 U." The song topped charts around the world, aided by a music video in which O'Connor – with shaved head and piercing grey eyes – was featured in extreme closeup.
Growing up in an abusive household, as a teenager she spent time in a church-sponsored institution for girls. A nun gave O'Connor her first guitar, and soon she was singing and performing on the streets of Dublin, her influences ranging from Bob Dylan to Siouxsie and the Banshees.
"I suppose I've got to say that music saved me," she said in an interview with the Independent newspaper in 2013. "I didn't have any other abilities, and there was no learning support for girls like me, not in Ireland at that time. It was either jail or music. I got lucky."
Her 1987 debut album, "The Lion and the Cobra," was followed by 1990's "I Do Not Want What I Haven't Got." Rolling Stone magazine would name her 1991's artist of the year. The album, which went platinum, was nominated for four Grammys, winning one. (She skipped the Grammy ceremony, criticizing the music industry for its "false and destructive materialistic values.")
A critic of the Roman Catholic Church well before allegations of sexual abuse were widely reported, O'Connor made headlines in October 1992 when she tore up a photo of Pope John Paul II while appearing on NBC's "Saturday Night Live" and denounced the church as the enemy. Shortly after, she appeared at an all-star tribute for Bob Dylan at Madison Square Garden and was immediately booed. Although consoled and encouraged by fellow musician Kris Kristofferson, she left the stage and broke down. Her performance was kept off the concert CD. O'Connor also faced boycotts from U.S. radio stations after she refused to perform at a New Jersey concert venue if they played the national anthem beforehand.
She announced her retirement from music in 2003, but she continued to record new material. She released 10 studio albums in all, her latest "I'm Not Bossy, I'm the Boss," in 2014.
In 2010, when Pope Benedict XVI apologized to Ireland to atone for decades of abuse, O'Connor condemned the apology for not going far enough and called for Catholics to boycott Mass until there was a full investigation into the Vatican's role. "People assumed I didn't believe in God. That's not the case at all. I'm Catholic by birth and culture and would be the first at the church door if the Vatican offered sincere reconciliation," she wrote in the Washington Post in 2010.
O'Connor announced in 2018 that she had converted to Islam and would be adopting the name Shuhada' Davitt, later Shuhada Sadaqat, although she continued to use Sinéad O'Connor professionally.
She was public about her struggles with mental health issues. Diagnosed with bipolar disorder, she attempted suicide in 1999. When her teenage son Shane died by suicide last year, O'Connor tweeted there was "no point living without him." She was soon hospitalized.
Her final tweet, sent July 17, read: "For all mothers of Suicided children," and linked to a Tibetan compassion mantra.
If you or someone you know is in emotional distress or a suicidal crisis, you can reach the 988 Suicide & Crisis Lifeline by calling or texting 988. You can also chat with the 988 Suicide & Crisis Lifeline here.
One of the most photographed women of the Sixties, actress, singer and style icon Jane Birkin (Dec. 14, 1946-July 16, 2023) perhaps became best known for the highly-desirable Hermès fashion accessory that bore her name: The Birkin bag.
Born in London, Birkin was just 18 and married to James Bond composer John Barry when she appeared in Michelangelo Antonioni's 1966 classic "Blow Up," where she romped naked across the screen. But then Barry left her and her daughter, Kate.
Birkin went to Paris to audition for the film "Slogan" and was paired with Serge Gainsbourg, then building a reputation as the French Bob Dylan. He'd just come out of a very unhappy affair with Brigitte Bardot. Birkin denied that that was intimidating: "No. I thought, 'Gosh, if he'd been in love with the most beautiful woman in the world (which was Bardot at the time) and if he could take a look at me…' To the contrary!"
Gainsbourg had written a song for Bardot that he now wanted Birkin to sing. "Je t'aime… moi non plus," in which Birkin suggestively moaned, was incendiary for its time, and was banned by the BBC.
For 13 years, Birkin and Gainsbourg were an inseparable "It" couple, songwriter and muse, until the union was ended by his drinking problem. Birkin, who had had another daughter with Serge (renowned actress Charlotte Gainsbourg), moved in with French director Jacques Doillon; they had a daughter (Lou, an award-winning singer). But Serge stayed in the picture, writing songs for Birkin until his death in 1991. "And when Serge died, everything else collapsed," she said. "Nothing was really the same again."
Birkin and Doillon split, and she focused on her three daughters. Kate Barry, her oldest, a successful photographer, battled depression. In 2013, Kate fell from her apartment window, an apparent suicide. For nearly three years, Birkin could barely leave her Paris home.
But in her 70s, Birkin began to find her way again, touring the world with an orchestra performing Serge Gainsbourg's songs (including at a 2018 concert at New York's Carnegie Hall).
Yet, she became synonymous with a handbag, thanks to a serendipitous airline upgrade in 1983, when she was seated next to the CEO of Hermès, to whom she suggested a larger variation of their popular handbag. He sketched out a design on a handy air sickness bag. The Birkin Bag was born.
"Sunday Morning" correspondent Anthony Mason said to Birkin in 2018, "It's so funny that, after all this, you might be known for a bag."
"Well, could be worse!" she laughed.
In 2021 her daughter profiled Birkin in the intimate documentary "Jane by Charlotte" – a testimonial to the mother-daughter relationship that endured the intrusions of fame, from both sides, and to a life which Birkin has forged for herself in France, partly in the spotlight, partly cloistered in nature, and partly paying tribute to her late lover Serge. News of Birkin's health – a cancer diagnosis, and a stroke – gave the film a somewhat uncomfortable immediacy of purpose (Get Mother on film before it's too late), but the bond the two shared was palpable, strong and entrancing.
Singer Tony Bennett (August 3, 1926-July 21, 2023) was one of the most popular interpreters of jazz, pop and Broadway standards, thanks to his joyful and stirring renditions of such classics as "Rags to Riches," "The Way You Look Tonight," and his signature song, "I Left My Heart in San Francisco." The recipient of 20 Grammy Awards during his seven-decade career, Bennett recorded 60 studio albums and dozens of live albums and compilations. Seven were Top 10 albums on the Billboard charts.
But he was inextricably linked to one song above all others – a song that he first rehearsed without ever having set foot in San Francisco. Bennett recalled for "Sunday Morning" in 2014 how his music director, Ralph Sharon, found the song as they were headed to San Francisco for the first time. The two rehearsed it one afternoon at a nightclub in Little Rock, Arkansas: "And the bartender said, 'I don't wanna interrupt you two fellows, but if you ever record that, I'm gonna be the first guy to buy the record.' And we felt a little encouraged! And when I got to San Francisco, at rehearsal I started singing it, everybody ran up to me and said, 'You've gotta record this song.'
"Most artists that are connected with one famous thing, they get upset: Why should it just be one thing? What about all the other things that I do?" Bennett told "Sunday Morning." "But I feel different. I love 'San Francisco,' the song. I sing it every night like it was the first time I ever sang it."
He would even sing it during a 1994 appearance on "MTV Unplugged," in which he performed with Elvis Costello and k.d. lang. A recording of the concert went platinum and won two Grammys, including album of the year.
Bennett earned a new generation of fans in 2014 when, at 88, he teamed with singer Lady Gaga, 60 years his junior, for an album of duets, "Cheek to Cheek" – standards that included "Anything Goes," "I Can't Give You Anything But Love," "Let's Face the Music and Dance," and "It Don't Mean a Thing (If It Ain't Got That Swing)." The album went to #1 and won the Grammy for best traditional pop vocal album.
Raised in Astoria, Queens, Bennett nurtured artistic expression both through music and art. He attended the High School of Industrial Art in Manhattan where one art teacher told him, "'You know, you're a very good singer.' And he got all the other teachers mad at him, 'cause [I'm] supposed to be studying art, not music!"
He dropped out of school to help support his family, earning money while singing in restaurants and saloons. After World War II, thanks to the G.I. Bill, Bennett attended the American Theatre Wing, taking vocal classes.
Signed by Columbia, Bennett's first single, "Because of You," went to #1 in 1951. He followed with such hits as "Cold, Cold Heart," "Rags to Riches," "There'll Be No Teardrops Tonight," "Stranger in Paradise," and "Can You Find It In Your Heart?"
Later hits by Bennett included "The Good Life," "Who Can I Turn To (When Nobody Needs Me)," "Fly Me to the Moon," "The Shadow of Your Smile," and "For Once In My Life."
Bennett struggled in the 1970s, as musical tastes in the industry changed, and his albums didn't find an audience. He was without a manager or a recording label. His own record company failed. His live performances were limited to Las Vegas. Having divorced his first wife, his second marriage was faltering. He had a drug addiction, and the IRS initiated proceedings to take his house.
Bennett's son, Danny, took over as manager, and got him re-signed with Columbia Records; he also got his father on "MTV Unplugged." "I realized that young people had never heard those songs," Tony told AARP magazine. "Cole Porter, Gershwin – they were like, 'Who wrote that?'"
In early 2021 Bennett revealed in an article for AARP magazine that he was suffering from Alzheimer's disease. He still rehearsed twice a week in his living room. And in August 2021 he performed what would be his final concert, at New York's Radio City Music Hall, sharing the stage with Lady Gaga. His family wasn't sure he would be in condition to perform, but when it came time to rehearse, Bennett's accompanist, Lee Musiker, began playing, and suddenly the legendary showman was back. He had no notes, no cue cards. He sang an hour-long set from memory.
On what was Bennett's 95th birthday, a sell-out crowd was waiting. His third wife, Susan, told "60 Minutes," "Once he saw the audience, and, you know, and he raises his hands, I knew we were alright because he became himself. He just turned on. You know, it was like a light switch."
Bennett sang more than a dozen songs and got at least 20 standing ovations.
A few days later, Bennett had no memory of playing Radio City at all.
In the 2006 indie comedy "Little Miss Sunshine," Alan Arkin (March 26, 1934-June 29, 2023) played the irascible, opinionated and heroin-addicted grandfather of a dysfunctional family traveling cross-country to enter their little girl in a kiddie beauty pageant.
It's a role Arkin almost didn't get. "They thought I was too virile for the part, which is the best turn-down I've ever had in my life," Arkin, then 72, told "Sunday Morning" in 2007.
"Little Miss Sunshine" was a hit at the Sundance Film Festival. Fox Searchlight grabbed the distribution rights for a then-record $10.5 million, and the movie went on to earn more than $100 million at the box office and four Academy Award nominations. Arkin went home with an Oscar for best supporting actor.
In the beginning people paid attention to Arkin not for his acting but for his singing, with a folk group called the Tarriers. He did it for pocket money, at first, but after their hit, "The Banana Boat Song" (which Arkin co-wrote), he questioned his career choice: "I got to the Olympia Theater in Paris and I was playing the guitar and singing my brains out, and looked down at myself with my black satin pants on and my sports shirt opened to the navel. And I said, 'What the hell am I doing? Who am I?' I said, 'I gotta get back to acting.' And I quit the next day — and starved for another couple of years."
He joined Second City, a bold new improvisational comedy group in Chicago. It launched his acting career. He won a Tony Award for "Enter Laughing," and for his film debut, in "The Russians Are Coming, The Russians Are Coming," he received a best actor Oscar nomination as a Soviet submariner stranded in New England. Two years later he received a second nomination playing a deaf mute in "The Heart Is a Lonely Hunter."
The film roles cascaded: "Wait Until Dark," "Carch-22," "Little Murders," "Popi," "Last of the Red Hot Lovers," "Freebie and the Bean," "Rafferty and the Gold Dust Twins," "Hearts of the West," "The Seven-Per-Cent Solution," "The In-Laws," "Simon," "The Magician of Lublin," "Edward Scissorhands," "Glengarry Glen Ross," "Grosse Pointe Blank," "Get Smart," "Argo," and the TV series "The Kominsky Method" – each showing the range of Arkin's ability to wring laughs, or heartache, from a character.
On Broadway, he directed the Neil Simon comedy "The Sunshine Boys," and Elaine May's "Taller Than a Dwarf."
In a 2020 Guardian interview, Arkin, who'd just published a memoir titled "Out of My Mind," remarked on how, with age, he was less drawn to music and great books and more to solitude and silence: "Looking at the garden. Having a relationship with trees and flowers and the sky. That's what's profound to me now."
When told he sounded like he was preparing for the end, Arkin scoffed: "There is no end. There was no beginning and there is no end. We are all a part of that endless flow."
Scientist John Goodenough (July 25, 1922-June 25, 2023) was a Nobel Prize recipient for his work developing the lithium-ion battery. Goodenough, who shared the 2019 prize in chemistry with M. Stanley Whittingham and Akira Yoshino, became, at 97, the oldest Nobel winner in history.
Lithium-ion batteries, the first truly portable and rechargeable batteries, took more than a decade to develop. Goodenough, Whittingham and Yoshino each had unique breakthroughs that laid the foundation for developing a commercial rechargeable battery. Whittingham's work in the 1970s harnessed the tendency of lithium, the lightest metal, to give away its electrons to make a battery capable of generating just over two volts. By 1980, Goodenough had built on Whittingham's work and doubled the battery's capacity to four volts by using cobalt oxide in the cathode, one of the two electrodes that make up the ends of a battery.
That battery remained too explosive for general commercial use. Yoshino's work in the 1980s eliminated the volatile pure lithium from the battery and instead opted for lithium ions that are safer.
The first lightweight, safe, durable and rechargeable commercial batteries entered the market in 1991, transforming the world by making portable electronic devices such as cellphones, computers and pacemakers, as well as electric cars, feasible.
Goodenough, who was head of the Inorganic Chemistry Laboratory at the University of Oxford in England when he made his lithium-ion discovery, joined the University of Texas faculty in 1986, and was still teaching and researching battery materials and solid-state science and engineering problems when he won the Nobel Prize.
"Live to 97 and you can do anything," Goodenough said, adding he was grateful he hadn't been forced to retire at 65.
Actor Frederic Forrest (December 23, 1936-June 23, 2023) was best-known for his performance as Jay "Chef" Hicks, who accompanies Martin Sheen's Captain Willard upriver and encounters a tiger in the jungle, in the Francis Ford Coppola classic "Apocalypse Now." That same year, he played an Army deserter who becomes Bette Midler's lover in "The Rose," for which he received an Oscar nomination.
His other film roles included "The Conversation," "The Missouri Breaks," the musical "One from the Heart," "Hammett" (playing novelist Dashiell Hammett), "Valley Girl," "The Two Jakes," "Tucker: The Man and His Dream," "Music Box," "Falling Down," and "All the King's Men."
Born in Waxahachie, Texas, Forrest studied theater in New York City, making his stage debut in 1966 in "Viet Rock," an off-Broadway musical. He then migrated to Los Angeles, where he captured TV roles, including a man wrongly confined in a mental ward in "Larry." He played an assassin in "Ruby and Oswald"; a bandit in "Lonesome Dove"; policemen in "21 Jump Street" and "The Deliberate Stranger"; and an imprisoned Civil War Army sergeant in "Andersonville."
Glenda Jackson (May 9, 1936-June 15, 2023) had careers on two distinctly different stages: as an actress, she won two Academy Awards, two BAFTAs and a Tony; and, as a member of Parliament for nearly a quarter-century, she was a formidable spokesperson for labor issues and against conservative policies.
Born into a working-class family in Birkhenhead, northwest England, Jackson trained at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art in London, and performed with the Royal Shakespeare Company. She became a leading star on stage in the avant-garde drama "Marat/Sade," directed by Peter Brook. After transferring to Broadway, the show earned Jackson her first Tony nomination, and she repeated her performance in the 1967 film version.
She won her first Oscar for Ken Russell's D.H. Lawrence adaptation, "Women in Love," a powerful romantic drama costarring Oliver Reed and Alan Bates. Jackson then won two Emmys for her portrayal of Queen Elizabeth I in the BBC/"Masterpiece Theatre" series, "Elizabeth R."
She won her second Academy Award for a romantic-comedy, playing a married man's mistress, in "A Touch of Class." She received two other Oscar nominations in the '70s, for "Sunday, Bloody Sunday" and "Hedda."
Other notable films showed Jackson's enormous breadth, and willingness to switch from serious or challenging roles ("Mary, Queen of Scots"; "The Music Lovers"; "Stevie," as the poet Stevie Smith; "The Rainbow"), to frothy, lightweight fare ("Nasty Habits"; "House Calls"; "Hopscotch"; "Turtle Diary"). She earned three more Tony nominations in the 1980s, for "Rose," "Strange Interlude" and "Macbeth."
In her 50s, Jackson dropped out of acting and went into politics, drawn into that world, she told "Sunday Morning" in 2018, by what she considered to be the socially-destructive policies of the Conservative Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher." "For me, the final straw was when she said there's no such thing as a society," Jackson said.
She won election to Parliament in 1992 on the Labor Party ticket. She served as a minister for transport in Prime Minister Tony Blair's government in 1997, but came to be at odds with Blair over the 2003 invasion of Iraq. She said Blair's decision to enter the U.S.-led war without United Nations' authorization left her "deeply, deeply ashamed."
Jackson's blunt manner and outspokenness continued throughout her political career. In 2013 when Thatcher died and other MPs paid polite tribute, she didn't: "Everything I had been taught to regard as a vice - and I still regard them as vices - under Thatcherism was in fact a virtue: Greed, selfishness, no care for the weaker, sharp elbows, sharp knees," she said in Parliament.
She recalled, "I think they were surprised, because up until that point practically everything had been praise. I mean, talk about rewriting history. I mean, it was astonishing! But then they calmed down actually."
Once she decided to end her political career, it wasn't long before her old life came calling. She returned to the stage with one of the most artistic and physically-demanding roles ever written: Shakespeare's King Lear. Her gender-bending turn opened at London's Old Vic in 2016 and later played on Broadway.
In 2018 she starred on Broadway in the Edward Albee drama "Three Tall Women." Jackson took home a Tony for her blistering portrayal of a difficult-to-deal-with woman in her 90s. And her return to the screen in the movie "Elizabeth Is Missing," playing a woman with Alzheimer's trying to solve a mystery, earned her a second BAFTA. She recently completed filming "The Great Escaper," costarring Michael Caine.
It was a stage in her life when she received meaty roles, after long and famously complaining about the lack of good parts for women. "I mean, I can remember when I was still doing films - and I'm going back a long way now - it was not infrequent to have a woman in a film to prove that the hero wasn't gay," Jackson told "Sunday Morning." "I mean, you saw that was the kind of reason for being. We've still got a long, long way to go."
Though fame and commercial success came to him later in life, Pulitzer Prize-winning author Cormac McCarthy (July 20, 1933-June 13, 2023) had long earned critical acclaim for his novels, written in prose that drew comparison to William Faulkner. Set in the stark and forbidding landscapes and rundown communities of Appalachia and the Southwest, McCarthy's works are populated with drifters, violent criminals and broken men, fated to suffer, and to cause suffering.
In addition to his "Border Trilogy" novels set along the Mexico border (the National Book Award-winning "All the Pretty Horses," "The Crossing," and "Cities of the Plain"), McCarthy wrote "No Country for Old Men" (adapted by Joel and Ethan Coen into a film that won four Oscars, including best picture), the post-apocalyptic father-and-son journey "The Road" (winner of the Pulitzer Prize), and "Blood Meridian," an ultra-violent tale of bounty hunters along the Texas-Mexico border murdering Indians, which has been hailed as one of the greatest American novels.
McCarthy, who was raised in Knoxville, Tennessee, wrote his first novel, 1965's "The Orchard Keeper," while working as an auto mechanic in Chicago. He sent it to Faulker's editor at Random House, Albert Erskine, who would become McCarthy's longtime editor. He followed with the novels "Outer Dark," "Child of God," and "Suttree." He received a MacArthur Fellowship (the so-called "genius grant") in 1981, which he used to research "Blood Meridian."
He also wrote two plays, "The Stonemason" and "The Sunset Limited," and several screenplays, including "The Gardener's Son" and "The Counselor."
In 2007, after Oprah Winfrey chose "The Road" for her book club, McCarthy consented to a rare interview, in which he described to Winfrey the book's origin: a trip he took with his young son to El Paso, Texas, early in the decade. Standing at the window of a hotel in the middle of the night as his son slept nearby, he started to imagine what El Paso might look like 50 or 100 years in the future. "I just had this image of these fires up on the hill ... and I thought a lot about my little boy," he said.
There would be a long period of silence from McCarthy – 15 years – until news of two connected novels to be published back-to-back in 2022: "The Passenger" and "Stella Maris," narratives about a brother and sister, mutually obsessed siblings, and the legacy of their father, a physicist who had worked on atomic technology. Both would be New York Times bestsellers.
When asked by Winfrey if he was passionate about writing, McCarthy said, "I like what I do.
"Some writers have said in print that they hated writing, it was just a chore and a burden. I certainly don't feel that way about it. Sometimes it's difficult but you always have this image of the perfect thing which you can never achieve but which you never stop trying to achieve," he said. "That's your signpost and your guide. You can't plot things out. You just have to trust in, you know, wherever it comes from."
Actor Treat Williams (December 1, 1951-June 12, 2023) appeared in more than 120 film and TV roles, most notably in the movies "Hair" and "Prince of the City" (both of which earned him Golden Globe nominations), "Once Upon a Time in America," "Smooth Talk," and the TV series "Everwood," in which he starred as Dr. Andrew Brown, a widowed brain surgeon from Manhattan who moves with his two children to a Colorado mountain town.
Other film credits included "The Eagle Has Landed," "1941," "The Pursuit of D.B. Cooper," "Flashpoint," "Things to Do in Denver When You're Dead," "Mulholland Falls," "Deep Rising," and "127 Hours."
He starred opposite Ann-Margret and Beverly D'Angelo in a TV adaptation of "A Streetcar Named Desire," garnering a third Golden Globe nomination; he also earned an Emmy nomination for his role in the TV movie "The Late Shift," playing Hollywood agent Michael Ovitz. Other TV credits included "J. Edgar Hoover," "Heartland," "Chicago Fire," "Chesapeake Shores," "The Christmas House," and "Blue Bloods."
His stage appearances included the Broadway shows "Grease," "The Pirates of Penzance," and "Follies."
Biologist Roger Payne (January 29, 1935-June 10, 2023) spurred a worldwide environmental conservation movement with his discovery that whales could sing. During a 1967 research trip to Bermuda, in which a Navy engineer provided him with a recording of curious underwater sounds documented while listening for Russian submarines, Payne identified the haunting tones as songs whales sing to one another.
He saw the discovery of whale song as a chance to spur interest in saving the giant animals, who were disappearing from the planet. In 1970 Payne produced the album "Songs of the Humpback Whale." A surprise hit, the record galvanized a global movement to end the practice of commercial whale hunting and save the whales from extinction. The impact of the whale song discovery on the nascent environmental movement was immense. Payne's album remains the best-selling environmental album in history.
Payne founded Ocean Alliance in 1971 to advocate for the protection of whales and dolphins. The organization played a role in the 1972 passage of the Marine Mammal Protection Act, and the 1982 commercial whaling moratorium passed by the International Whaling Commission.
Whale song also entered the popular imagination, such as in "Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home," in which the crew of the Enterprise travels back in time to retrieve whales that could communicate via whale song with an alien probe.
In a 2021 interview with Nautilus Quarterly Payne said he knew almost instantly that the sounds were indeed whales once he heard the recording in the loud engine room of the research vessel. "In spite of the racket, what I heard blew my mind," he said.
Françoise Gilot (November 26, 1921-June 6, 2023) was 22 when she painted her self-portrait in 1944, soon after she'd started a relationship with a much older artist, Pablo Picasso. When asked in 2017 by "Sunday Morning" whether it was intimidating to be working in the shadow of a master, Gilot laughed: "If you have to be intimidated, then you don't go there. Either you have courage, or you don't in life. If you have courage, you receive a few bumps here and there. But on the whole, it's more interesting."
Gilot's very interesting life took a turn after attending law school for two years. "It has been very helpful to me," she said. "Because a painter is a man or woman who has to do contracts, and the dealers are not the most reliable people sometimes."
It was in 1943, during the German occupation of Paris, that Gilot met Picasso. She was 21; he was 61. Gilot would later write, "It was a catastrophe I didn't want to avoid."
While Picasso frequently used her image as inspiration, Gilot continued quietly working herself, not (she reflected) showing too much personality. They would spend 10 years together, and have two children, Claude and Paloma. But then Gilot became the only one of Picasso's women to walk away. She recalled his self-assurance: "'Ha, ha, ha. Nobody leaves a man like me!' I said, 'Wait and see!'"
Gilot's 1964 memoir, "Life with Picasso," became an international bestseller, despite the artist's attempts in court to block publication. She moved to the U.S., and attracted another giant of the 20th century: Dr. Jonas Salk, pioneer of the polio vaccine. They married in 1970.
Gilot continued working in New York City, creating thousands of paintings. When asked at age 95 if she would give up painting, she replied, "No. Why should I? It will give me up. But I won't give it up. I don't want to commit suicide. And nobody wants to kill me. So, what can I do?"
Brazilian singer Astrud Gilberto (March 29, 1940-June 5, 2023) was born into a musical family, one that was also at ease with foreign languages (her mother was a singer and violinist, her father a linguistics professor). As a teenager, she joined a circle of musical friends that would grow to include a rising star in Rio's emerging bossa nova scene, singer-songwriter-guitarist João Gilberto, whom she soon married.
Astrud became an overnight, unexpected superstar in 1964, thanks to knowing just enough English to be recruited by the makers of the classic bossa nova album "Getz/Gilberto" (featuring saxophonist Stan Getz) to sing the wistful ballad, "The Girl from Ipanema." Already a hit in South America, the song's lyrics were rewritten to include English to expand its appeal. Astrud joined João in the studio, singing the chorus.
Tall and tan and young and lovely
The girl from Ipanema goes walking
And when she passes
Each one she passes goes, "Ah"
In a 2002 interview posted on her website, Astrud recalled, "I'll never forget that while we were listening back to the just-recorded song at the studio's control room, Stan said to me, with a very dramatic expression: 'This song is going to make you famous.'"
"Getz/Gilberto" sold more than 2 million copies, and "The Girl from Ipanema" became an all-time standard – one of the most-covered songs of all time. The song won a Grammy in 1965 for record of the year, and Gilberto earned nominations for best new artist and best vocal performance.
Astrud's light, affectless style made her a worldwide voice of bossa nova, and would influence such singers as Sade and Suzanne Vega.
She would go on to release 16 albums, including "The Astrud Gilberto Album," "Beach Samba" and "The Shadow of Your Smile," and record with such artists as Chet Baker and George Michael. But by 2002 she had essentially retired from the business, dedicating her later years to animal rights activism and the visual arts. She was awarded a Latin Grammy for lifetime achievement in 2008.
Singer Tina Turner (November 26, 1939-May 24, 2023) had a smoldering voice and aggressive dance moves that powered a five-decade career as one of the biggest stars in rock music. She sold more than 200 million records, including such classics as "Proud Mary," "What's Love Got to Do With It," "Private Dancer," and "We Don't Need Another Hero."
"I had the strange voice that most girl singers didn't have," she admitted to "Sunday Morning" in 2018. "Deep, like now, and even it goes deeper," she said. But at the beginning she didn't like her voice: "I thought it was kind of ugly because it didn't sound like Diana Ross. But then afterwards I thought, 'Yeah, it sounds like the guys.'"
Born in Nutbush, Tennessee, Anna Mae Bullock – a tomboy from a broken home – saw Ike Turner perform at a St. Louis nightclub. She had conflicting reactions: "I thought he was the ugliest person I'd ever seen," she told "Sunday Morning." "But he had a presence. And then I watched him when he got on stage and he started. I thought, 'Oh, wow, I wanna sing with that band!'"
And when her voice was tracked on a demo recording of "A Fool in Love," it made its way to the president of Sue Records, who convinced Ike to put the dancer up front. The Ike & Tina Turner Revue became one of the most successful acts of the late '60s and '70s, opening for the Rolling Stones in 1966 and 1969, and producing such hits as "A Fool in Love," "It's Going to Work Out Fine," "Poor Fool," "River Deep – Mountain High," "I've Been Loving You Too Long," "Come Together," "I Want to Take You Higher," and "Proud Mary," their highest-charted song.
Ike controlled all aspects of the Revue (not least of which he picked out her stage name, Tina) and was physically and emotionally abusive. He forced her to perform even when she suffered with bronchitis, pneumonia, and a collapsed right lung. "He was cruel because he depended on me," Tina said. "He didn't like that he had had to depend on me. And I didn't want to start a fight because it was always a black eye, a broken nose, a busted lip, a rib."
She credited her emerging Buddhist faith in the mid-1970s with giving her a sense of strength and self-worth. She finally left him in early July 1976, sneaking out of a Dallas hotel room while Ike slept, with only a Mobil credit card and 36 cents. "I felt that I've had enough, just enough, enough. Now it's time to go out the door. I had nothing. I had absolutely nothing. Thirty-six cents, that was all."
Physically battered, emotionally devastated and financially ruined, Turner strove to remake herself as a solo artist. Though her first album flopped, she performed with other rock stars who helped bring her into the spotlight again. Rod Stewart convinced her to sing "Hot Legs" with him on "Saturday Night Live," and Jagger sang "Honky Tonk Women" with her during the Stones' 1981-82 tour.
Her album "Private Dancer," released in May 1984, sold more than eight million copies and featured several hit singles, including the title track, "Better Be Good To Me," and "What's Love Got To Do With It," a song she'd originally turned down. But she went into the studio and "applied my voice." At age 44, Tina Turner had her first #1 single. It would become her signature song, and a Grammy-winner for Record of the Year.
Her 1986 memoir "I, Tina," expanded in grisly detail the horrors of her former husband's abuse. [Ike, who did not deny mistreating her, died in 2007.] Speaking out candidly about suffering from domestic abuse, Turner became a heroine to battered women, and a symbol of resilience. The story of her suffering behind the scenes was dramatized in the 1993 film "What's Love Got to Do With It," starring Angela Bassett and Laurence Fishburne (both of whom were Oscar-nominated).
She was voted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1991 with Ike (and again, on her own, in 2021), and was a Kennedy Center Honoree in 2005.
Turner performed her last tour in 2007, and settled into retirement in Switzerland. In her later years she endured a stroke, intestinal cancer, kidney failure (her second husband, Erwin Bach, donated one of his to her), and the death by suicide of her 59-year-old son, Craig Turner. She was executive producer of the 2019 Broadway musical "Tina," which earned its star, Adrienne Warren, a Tony Award for her physically-demanding performance.
When asked if there is anything more in life that she wanted, Turner told "Sunday Morning," "No. I have everything. When I sit at the Lake Zurich in the house that I have, I am so serene. No problems. I had a very hard life. But I didn't put blame on anything or anyone. I got through it, I lived through it with no blame. And I'm a happy person."
Pitcher Vida Blue (July 28, 1949-May 6, 2023) was one of baseball's leading lights in the early 1970s. A six-time All-Star, Blue helped pitch the Oakland Athletics to three consecutive World Series titles, from 1972-74. (Only the 1998-2000 New York Yankees have repeated that accomplishment.)
Called up before his 20th birthday, in 1970 he became the fourth-youngest player in history to throw a no-hitter, at age 21. Blue was voted the 1971 American League Cy Young Award winner and the league's Most Valuable Player after going 24-8 with a 1.82 ERA and 301 strikeouts. He recorded 24 complete games, including eight shutouts. But, with a salary of only $14,000, Blue was called "the most underpaid player in baseball" by President Richard Nixon.
Blue clashed publicly with A's owner Charlie O. Finley, and was traded twice, only to be blocked each time by baseball Commissioner Bowie Kuhn.
In 2013 Blue (one of the first players to bring an attorney to the negotiating table) talked with CBS News Radio about the business of baseball: "The owners are real savvy in how they sign players, and players are real savvy in how they, you know, approach getting their raises," he said.
"It's cruel sometimes. Fans may not understand it. But owners and general managers, that's how they make their living through the business of baseball."
His career was derailed by drug problems; in 1983 Blue was released by the Royals and ordered to serve three months in federal prison and fined $5,000 for misdemeanor possession of approximately a tenth of an ounce of cocaine. He returned to baseball in 1985 for two seasons with the Giants.
Blue finished with a 209-161 record, with a 3.27 ERA, 2,175 strikeouts, 143 complete games and 37 shutouts over 17 seasons with Oakland, San Francisco and Kansas City.
"It tarnished my image," Blue told the Washington Post in 2021. "Not that I was squeaky clean. I didn't have a halo and [stuff], but I had a reputation of being a respectable, reputable person. I worked my tail off to polish that image back up and renew the name Vida Blue Jr. But it's a constant battle to do that every day."
Canadian singer-songwriter Gordon Lightfoot (November 17, 1938-May 1, 2023) sang of lives lost in shipwrecks and love gone bad. Considered one of the most renowned voices to emerge from Toronto's Yorkville folk club scene in the 1960s, it was in his hometown of Orelia that Lightfoot remembers singing for his first audience, standing on his grandmother's kitchen table. "I remember the applause," he said.
He grew up performing in church choirs and barber shop quartets. In 1958, he made a bold move: heading to Los Angeles to study music. His big break came in 1965, when Peter, Paul and Mary recorded his song, "For Lovin' Me."
Lightfoot went on to record 20 studio albums. He penned hundreds of songs, including "Carefree Highway" and "Sundown," many of which were recorded by a galaxy of stars, from Barbra Streisand, Harry Belafonte, Johnny Cash and Bob Dylan, to The Grateful Dead, Elvis Presley, Jane's Addiction and Sarah McLachlan.
Most of his songs were deeply autobiographical, with lyrics that probed his own experiences in a frank manner, and explored issues surrounding the Canadian national identity. "If You Could Read My Mind," followed the breakup of his first marriage. "Early Morning Rain" was sparked by homesickness. His chart-topping "Sundown" was a chronicle of infidelity. His 1975 song "The Wreck of the Edmund Fitzgerald" was inspired by a Great Lakes ore freighter meeting disaster. "Newsweek magazine gave about a half a page and a little tiny photograph about this big. And I said, 'That's not good enough for this type of thing to go by totally unnoticed.'"
Other hits included "I'm Not Sayin'," "Ribbon of Darkness," "You Are What I Am," "Rainy Day People," and "The Circle Is Small (I Can See It in Your Eyes)." Perhaps no Lightfoot song was more Canadian than 1966's "Canadian Railroad Trilogy," which chronicled the building of the trans-Canada railroad.
Unlike others who found success in the United States and stayed, Lightfoot returned to his homeland, a matter of pride in Canada, where he wound up on a postage stamp. And even into his 70s he was still touring. "When you walk out in front of a crowd, you really got to give it everything – never less than what they expect from you," he told "Sunday Morning" in 2013.
The one-time news anchor and mayor of Cincinnati in the late 1970s, Jerry Springer (February 13, 1944-April 27, 2023) became a household name as host of the controversial and contentious syndicated television show which showcased homewreckers, strippers, and violent on-air brawls for 27 colorful seasons, until 2018. It held the honors of both topping Oprah Winfrey's show in the ratings, and being proclaimed by TV Guide "the worst TV show ever."
Born to German Jewish immigrants in an underground bomb shelter in London during World War II, Springer came to U.S. at age five. He studied political science at Tulane University and got a law degree from Northwestern. He entered the political arena as an aide in Robert F. Kennedy's 1968 presidential campaign. Working for a Cincinnati law firm, Springer ran unsuccessfully for Congress in 1970, before being elected to city council in 1971. He abruptly resigned in 1974, later admitting it was due to an investigation into his having solicited prostitutes. (He'd paid them with personal checks.)
But he quickly bounced back, winning a council seat in 1975 and serving as mayor in 1977. He later became a local TV politics reporter.
Springer began his talk show in 1991 in a more traditional format, but two years later, it got a sleazy makeover.
In the late 1990s Springer offered a defense for the obscenity-laced content he broadcast. "Look, television does not and must not create values, it's merely a picture of all that's out there – the good, the bad, the ugly … Believe this: The politicians and companies that seek to control what each of us may watch are a far greater danger to America and our treasured freedom than any of our guests ever were or could be." He added that his guests volunteered to be on the show, and consequently volunteered to be subjected to ridicule or humiliation for their misbehavior.
And there was a lot of it: Porn stars, teenage adulterers, abusive lovers, cheating newlyweds, a man "married" to a horse, and someone described as a "kung fu hillbilly."
And it wasn't all escapist entertainment. In 2002 a man was convicted of killing his ex-wife, and of violating a domestic violence order, just weeks after they and another woman (whom he'd secretly married) were featured on a "Jerry Springer" episode about love triangles.
Springer used his celebrity to headline a liberal radio talk show, host "America's Got Talent," compete on "Dancing With the Stars," and star in the nationally-syndicated "Judge Jerry."
"With all the joking I do with the show, I'm fully aware and thank God every day that my life has taken this incredible turn because of this silly show," Springer told the Cincinnati Enquirer in 2011.
Later, in his Twitter biography, Springer would describe himself as a "ringmaster of civilization's end."
Blessed with a movie star's good looks, an activist's anger, and a voice that told songs of struggle, loss and sweet memory, Harry Belafonte (March 1, 1927-April 25, 2023) moved generations with both his rhythm and his rage, catching the social conscience of the nation as he caught their ear with such hits as "Day-O," "Matilda," and "Jamaica Farewell."
The first artist to sell a million albums with the 1956 release of "Calypso," Belafonte would go on to become an EGOT winner (earning an Emmy, a Grammy, an Oscar and a Tony), a Kennedy Center Honoree, and a recipient of the National Medal of Arts. But his influence would become even more pronounced as an advocate for social justice at home and abroad, serving as a UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador. He supported efforts for education, the eradication of nuclear weapons, and the fight against HIV/AIDS and apartheid.
Born in New York City to immigrant parents from the Caribbean, Belafonte said that as a child they were so poor his mother, a domestic worker, sent him and his brother to live for years in her native Jamaica. Growing up, he wrote in his memoir "My Song," poverty was a constant companion. "It still nourishes my thinking," he told "Sunday Morning" in 2011. "It still nourishes my passion."
He returned to New York and, at age 17 and a high school dropout, Belafonte joined the Navy to fight in World War II. "Took me out of the rough-and-tough of the streets of Harlem and it gave me an environment where things were disciplined," he said. "There was an objective. There was a purpose. There was an enemy."
But his hopes that the discrimination he experienced as a Black man would end with the war were dashed: "I came back home to find out that nothing had changed. Black people were still being lynched, were still being denied. We were still being cruelly relegated to second-class experiences."
Working as a janitor in a Harlem apartment building, he was given tickets by a tenant to the theater, which he had never attended. "It was an epiphany; something so inordinately powerful just sucked me in." He began taking acting classes, with a bunch of misfits: Marlon Brando, Walter Matthau, Bea Arthur and Tony Curtis. He sang to pay for classes.
In addition to jazz standards, he also brought back traditional songs from his childhood, building a repertoire of Haitian and Spanish folk songs and calypso, trying out material at the famed Village Vanguard. Belafonte landed a recording contract. "Calypso" brought his singing everywhere.
He was cast in films like "Island in the Sun," but in an era of continued segregation, studios didn't know what to do with him. The producers of "Carmen Jones" dubbed his singing voice with that of an opera singer, and the script for the end-of-the-world drama "The World, the Flesh and the Devil" was rewritten when the chemistry between Belafonte and his white female co-star proved too romantic. "My thought was, you can't change Hollywood. What you've got to do is change America," he said.
So, he began to spend more time on social causes. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. called Belafonte, asking for the singer's help. He became one of King's confidants and a big contributor to the civil rights movement, helping to organize the March on Washington.
In the years that followed, Belafonte threw himself into humanitarian work. Witnessing famine first-hand in Africa, he had the idea to gather some of the biggest recording artists of the 1980s to perform "We Are the World," raising millions for famine relief.
And Belafonte began to speak out, sometimes stridently, about U.S. foreign policy. "I think that the patriotic citizen is commanded and demanded to raise his or her voice on issues that he thinks are to the best interest of the nation," he says. "And that's what I do. I have a platform. I speak out."
But music would continue to be his biggest platform for justice. In 1961 Belafonte began a recording project, "The Long Road to Freedom," to preserve the richness of music from the Black diaspora. Because of changes at record labels, and shifts in popular culture, the album would not be finalized and released until 40 years later. The five-CD album was critically praised, and was nominated for three Grammys.
Of the long-in-the-works album, he told "Sunday Morning" in 2001, "I'm more proud of the journey, the men and women whom I met along the way who brought their passion and their hopes to it. This is a validation, a gift from them. So, I'm kind of glad that, as I sit in what I call the spring of my winter years in life, I should have heard all this before I become just a memory."
A former professional ballroom dancer and British champion, Len Goodman (April 25, 1944-April 22, 2023) was a head judge on the British competition series "Strictly Come Dancing," beginning in 2004, and on its American iteration, "Dancing With the Stars," which debuted the following year. He would be with "DWTS" for most of its run until 2022, during which time ballroom dancing saw a resurgence in interest on both sides of the Atlantic.
As a young man, Goodman worked as a shipyard welder for the same company that built the Titanic. He got into dancing as the result of a foot injury. "I had an old Scottish doctor who told me to go ballroom dancing; he said it was very good for your feet because you're going up and down a lot," Goodman told The Guardian in 2006. "I really didn't want to go, I kicked up a right fuss. But once I'd been for a couple of weeks, I really loved it. I realized I had a bit of a talent for it."
As a professional he won the British Championships, and opened a dancing school in Kent.
A charming and pithy Englishman with a cockney accent and an endearing fondness for colorful exaltations ("You floated across that floor like butter on a crumpet"), Goodman once referred to himself as "a cup of tea in a world of skinny lattés." As a judge he was encouraging, occasionally harsh and dismissive, but always, to most eyes, fair – and certainly appreciative when a celebrity contestant's talent would blossom on the dance floor.
Goodman recalled a valuable piece of advice that came from his father: "He said that a person only needs three things in their life: work, a marriage and a hobby. When you boil it down, those are the only important things. I've always thought that was a great bit of advice. And I am very fortunate that I've had a job that was also my hobby."
Dame Edna (a.k.a. Barry Humphries)
"I had no intention of being an actor," Barry Humphries (February 17, 1934-April 22, 2023) told "Sunday Morning" in 2010. "I thought I was going to be a painter, or a lawyer, something like that. I drifted into the theater - I still do, every night I just drift into the theater. I drift across the stage and sometimes I say to the audience, 'I'm making this up as I go along.' And they laugh, but it's true!"
The Australian comedian was best-known for the creation that overtook his life: Mrs. Norm Everage, a dowdy Melbourne housewife who would in time transform into the glamorous, globetrotting Dame Edna – international celebrity, talk show host, and ebullient fixture of show business for nearly seven decades.
Edna was born from a university skit, and to Humphries' surprise (and, he says, annoyance), people loved her from the start. She hosted a U.K. TV show, "The Dame Edna Experience," in which the fake interviewer talked with real celebrities like Sean Connery and Charlton Heston. Her 1992 autobiography became a bestseller ... on non-fiction lists. Even the 1988 death of the fictional star's fictional husband, Norm Everage, was reported by a real BBC newscaster. [A grieving Edna told reporters that she missed her husband, "early on, you know, for the first couple of hours."]
Humphries, meanwhile, was relegated to being Edna's "manager." She described him as "a sad person … a failure. And he resents the fact that I'm so popular."
Which had the sting of truth. Humphries, who was married four times, suffered from alcoholism and depression. He toured for as much as nine months out of the year, impacting his family.
Humphries appeared in one-man shows around the world for more than 60 years, more times than not in drag, and in 1979 won an Olivier Award for best comedy performance for "A Night with Dame Edna." Edna appeared on Broadway three times, and in 2000, Humphries won a Tony Award for his solo show, "Dame Edna: The Royal Tour."
He also acted on stage and in films under his own name, including "Oliver!," "Waiting for Godot," "Bedazzled," "The Getting of Wisdom," "Spice World," "Nicholas Nickleby," and "Absolutely Fabulous: The Movie." He wrote for the satirical magazine Private Eye, had a BBC series of his own, and voiced Bruce the shark in "Finding Nemo."
And while he created other characters as well – Sir Les Patterson, an idiotic diplomat; Sandy Stone, "Australia's most boring man" – Dame Edna was his most popular, cheerily greeting her audiences with "Hello, possums," and tossing gladiolas from the stage. But she wasn't averse to insult comedy. "Do you live on an unpaved road?" she once asked an audience member. "It looks like you tried to put your makeup on in the car."
Never mind that Edna (whom Humphries said was inspired, in part, by his mother) could be very un-PC. Humphries was circumspect about how her humor would fly in the face of political correctness and puritanism. "Edna says what they dare not say; she speaks her mind. Her observations, very often quite prejudiced, are often quite acute," he said.
Does she ever go too far? "Always," he said, "but never to the point of alienating her audience, or hurting them."
And though he accepted that his character was far more famous than the man who played her, he told "Sunday Morning" that there was an advantage to keeping his association with her: "It does mean I have to mention her name if I want to get a good table in a restaurant!"
The fashion icon whose styles epitomized the Swinging '60s, British designer Dame Mary Quant (February 11, 1930-April 13, 2023) helped popularize (some say invented) the miniskirt, and the tights that went with it. Her sexy and fun dresses and accessories influenced youth culture around the world, shaping the look of the era. Her impact on fashion was, some said, as powerful as The Beatles' impact on music – a palpable youthquake.
Opening in 1955, her Chelsea shop, Bazaar, attracted younger customers. "Snobbery has gone out of fashion, and in our shops you will find duchesses jostling with typists to buy the same dress," Quant once said. She called the store "a sophisticated candy store for grown-ups."
Though minidresses had been spotted on French runways in the early '60s, Quant's version introduced in 1966 – with hemlines up to 8 inches above the knee, and named after the British car, the Mini – proved a hit, in part because of their propensity to shock older tastes.
"It was the girls on King's Road who invented the mini," Quant said. "I was making clothes which would let you run and dance and we would make them the length the customer wanted. I wore them very short, and the customers would say, 'shorter, shorter.'" Hot pants and micro-minis would follow.
An astute businesswoman, Quant branched out into other areas, such as cosmetics and kitchenware, to foster her brand.
Mad magazine cartoonist Al Jaffee (March 13, 1921-April 10, 2023) was one of the humor publication's longest-running contributors, satirizing politics and culture, and delighting readers with his Fold-Ins and "Snappy Answers to Stupid Questions" until he retired, in 2020, at age 99.
The premise of his Fold-In (a spoof of a Playboy magazine foldout) was that a full-page illustration and text would be collapsed at its midpoint, providing a surprise image and caption. One early Fold-In depicted Republican presidential contenders Nelson Rockefeller and Barry Goldwater; when the page was collapsed, the image became Richard Nixon.
His parodies of advertisements included such future real-life products as automatic redialing for a telephone, a computer spell-checker, and graffiti-proof surfaces. He also anticipated peelable stamps, multiblade razors and self-extinguishing cigarettes.
In a 2016 interview with The Guardian, Jaffee said Mad magazine's purpose was to expose "bloviators," but not in a preachy way: "We think it's kind of a public service. We don't favor one particular politician over another, we're just looking for the politician that's trying to pull the wool over our eyes and just exaggerate what they're saying and then it speaks for itself."
As a teenager he'd settled in New York City, where he attended the High School of Music & Art. His schoolmates included future Mad editor Harvey Kurtzmann and future Mad illustrator Will Elder.
Before Mad, Jaffee drew for Stan Lee at Timely Comics (which became Marvel Comics), and for the New York Herald Tribune.
Various collections of Jaffee's Fold-Ins have been published. And when Jon Stewart and his "Daily Show" writers put together the bestselling "America (The Book)," released in 2004, they asked Jaffee to contribute a Fold-In.
Brooklyn-born character actor Michael Lerner (June 22, 1941-April 8, 2023) earned an Academy Award nomination for his blistering performance as a 1940s movie studio mogul in the Coen Brothers comedy "Barton Fink."
Lerner began acting as a teenager, and played Willie Loman in "Death of a Salesman" while attending Brooklyn College. He received a Fulbright Scholarship and studied theater at the London Academy of Music and Dramatic Arts. For a time he shared an apartment with Yoko Ono, and appeared alongside John Lennon in Ono's 1968 short film, "Smile."
Moving to Los Angeles, Lerner was cast in TV ("MASH," "The Brady Bunch," "The Rockford Files") and films ("Alex in Wonderland," "The Postman Always Rings Twice," "Eight Men Out"). He played Jack Ruby in the TV movie "Ruby and Oswald," and Pierre Salinger in "The Missiles of October."
In 2016 Lerner, who'd auditioned for Joel and Ethan Coen for "Miller's Crossing," recalled how he read for "Barton Fink," for the role of studio head Jack Lipnick, a boisterous performance that, he said, was inspired by Preston Sturges movies: "So, I walked into the room, as the character, and I don't say hello to anybody. And I sit down behind my desk and do this big speech: 'Bart! Bart! So great to see you.' I did the monologue the way I wanted to do it and I just walked out of the room and that was it. And Joel and Ethan were just sitting in a corner just laughing and laughing and that was it."
Lerner said the Coens didn't give him much acting direction and were "a little nervous that I was talking so fast," but they let him do what he wanted.
Lerner also appeared in Eddie Murphy's "Harlem Nights," "Elf," Woody Allen's "Celebrity," "Godzilla" (as Mayor Ebert), "X-Men: Days of Future Past," and "Mirror Mirror."
He said he never felt cheated by being known as a "character actor" rather than a leading man. In a 1999 interview with Cigar Aficionado, he said, simply, "Every role is a character role."
In 1947, at the age of 27, and with no previous trial experience, Harvard Law graduate Benjamin Ferencz (March 11, 1920-April 7, 2023), an investigator of Nazi war crimes against U.S. soldiers as part of a new War Crimes Section of the Judge Advocate's Office, became chief prosecutor for a case in which 22 former Nazi commanders were tried for genocidal war crimes.
Born in Transylvania in 1920, Ferencz had immigrated as a very young boy with his Jewish parents to New York to escape rampant antisemitism. After Harvard, he joined the U.S. Army, taking part in the invasion of Normandy.
When U.S. intelligence reports described soldiers encountering large groups of starving people in Nazi camps watched over by SS guards, Ferencz followed up with visits, first at the Ohrdruf labor camp in Germany and then at the notorious Buchenwald concentration camp. At those camps and later others, he found bodies "piled up like cordwood" and "helpless skeletons with diarrhea, dysentery, typhus, TB, pneumonia, and other ailments, retching in their louse-ridden bunks or on the ground with only their pathetic eyes pleading for help," Ferencz wrote in an account of his life.
"The Buchenwald concentration camp was a charnel house of indescribable horrors," Ferencz wrote. "There is no doubt that I was indelibly traumatized by my experiences as a war crimes investigator of Nazi extermination centers. I still try not to talk or think about the details."
Because of his experiences as a war crimes investigator, after the war he was recruited to help prosecute Nazi war criminals at the Nuremberg trials. Twenty-two men – Einsatzgruppen commanders – were charged with murdering more than one million people, not in concentration camps, but in towns and villages across Eastern Europe. Rather than depending on witnesses, Ferencz mostly relied on official German documents to make his case. All the defendants were convicted, and more than a dozen were sentenced to death by hanging even though Ferencz hadn't asked for the death penalty.
"I will tell you something very profound, which I have learned after many years," Ferencz told "60 Minutes" in 2017. "War makes murderers out of otherwise decent people. All wars, and all decent people."
Ferencz later worked for a consortium of Jewish charitable groups to help Holocaust survivors regain properties, homes, businesses, art works, Torah scrolls, and other Jewish religious items that had been confiscated from them by the Nazis.
He championed the creation of an international court which could prosecute any government's leaders for war crimes. When the International Criminal Court in The Hague was created in 1998, Ferencz delivered the closing argument in the court's first case.
In 2008, in a foreword to the post-Iraq invasion book "George W. Bush: War Criminal?" Ferencz wrote, "The reputation of the United States has been soiled by its staunch opposition to the International Criminal Court and to allowing any international or foreign tribunal to try American nationals for aggression or any other war crimes."
In 2021 he wrote "Parting Words: 9 Lessons for a Remarkable Life."
"I'm still in there fighting," Ferencz, then age 97, told "60 Minutes." "And you know what keeps me going? I know I'm right."
An early lesson for comedian Mark Russell (August 23, 1932-March 30, 2023) was, "Don't talk about politics or religion." Lesson not learned! For more than 50 years, the Buffalo native and Washington institution was a satirist with a never-ending font of inspiration: politicians. Beginning as a nightclub entertainer at hotels and strip joints during the Eisenhower administration, Russell was a poke in the eye to politicos of all stripes, mocking power games and peccadilloes in the nation's capital, and basically assuring all that no emperors ever wear clothes.
Richard Nixon may have been the gift that kept giving for comedians, but his resignation marked a sea change for Russell. "When Watergate was over," he once said, "I had to go back to writing my own material."
Beginning in the 1970s, with his nationally-televised comedy specials on PBS and a regular stint at Ford's Theatre, Russell still had Ford and Carter and Reagan and Clinton and two Bushes to kick around. And he really had no shortage of material: he quipped that he had 535 writers, courtesy of the Congressional Record.
In 2001, following the inauguration of President George W. Bush, Russell shared his gimlet take on the transfer of party rule with "Sunday Morning": "They say, 'Well, we're going to restore civility.' Restore? What civility are they going to restore? I've lived here all my life. You want civility? Move to Finland!"
Musician and composer Ryuichi Sakamoto (January 17, 1952-March 28, 2023) was a pioneer of electronic music, who also became a familiar name from film scores, winning an Oscar and a Grammy for co-writing music for Bernardo Bertolucci's "The Last Emperor."
Born in Tokyo, Sakamoto studied music beginning at age 10; his influences included Debussy and The Beatles. In the 1970s he co-founded the Yellow Magic Orchestra (YMO) with Haruomi Hosono and Yukihiro Takahashi. Their synth-pop and techno tracks, performed on ARP, Moog and Buchla synthesizers, became international hits, including "Computer Game/Firecracker," "Technopolis," "Rydeen" and "Cue." The group released eight studio albums and 15 live albums between 1978 and 2015.
Sakamoto also released 22 solo albums, including "Thousand Knives," "B-2 Unit," "Esperanto," "Futurista," "Neo Geo," "Beauty," "Heartbeat," "Sweet Revenge," "Chasm," and "Out of Noise."
As an actor he starred opposite David Bowie in the 1983 film "Merry Christmas, Mr. Lawrence," for which Sakamoto wrote the music, including the title track. His other scores include "The Sheltering Sky," "High Heels," "The Handmaid's Tale," "Snake Eyes," "Femme Fatale," "Wuthering Heights," "Little Buddha," "The Revenant," and the Oliver Stone TV series "Wild Palms." He shared an Oscar, Grammy and Golden Globe for his "Last Emperor" score with his collaborators, David Byrne (of Talking Heads) and Cong Su.
A pacifist and environmental activist, Sakamoto spoke out against nuclear power following the Fukushima nuclear plant meltdowns in 2011 that were triggered by an earthquake and tsunami. His 2017 album, "Async," features the frail and haunting sounds of a piano that had been damaged by floodwaters from the tsunami. "Of course, it was totally out of tune," he told The New York Times, "but I thought it was beautiful. I thought: 'Nature tuned it.'"
Battling cancer, in January Sakamoto released a full-length album, "12," on his 71st birthday. He said in a statement that composing it had a "small healing effect on my damaged body and soul."
"And here comes Willis, and the crowd is going wild!" An All-Star seven times over, the NBA's Most Valuable Player in 1970, and a Hall of Fame inductee, New York Knicks center and captain Willis Reed (June 25, 1942-March 21, 2023) had sat out Game 6 of the 1970 NBA championship series against the Los Angeles Lakers due to a thigh muscle injury. When a seventh game was forced at Madison Square Garden, Knicks fans cheered when Reed was spotted coming towards the court.
Though working with a limp, Reed made two quick jump shots in the early minutes of the game, and an energized Knicks (including a blazing Walt Frazier, who scored 36 points with 19 assists) rolled over the Lakers 113-99, winning their first NBA title.
A native of Hico, Louisiana, Reed led Grambling State to three Southwestern Athletic Conference championships, and an NAIA title in 1961. A second-round draft pick for the Knicks in 1964, he was voted Rookie of the Year after scoring 1,560 points. Playing alongside such future Hall of Famers as Frazier, Bill Bradley and Dave DeBusschere, Reed would become the anchor of the Knicks in an era when they were one of basketball's premier teams.
Injuries kept Reed off the court for much of the 1971-72 season, but the following year he led the Knicks to their second title. Described by NBA Commissioner Adam Silver as "the ultimate team player and consummate leader," Reed would score more than 12,000 points and 8,400 rebounds over ten seasons, averaging 18.7 points and 12.9 rebounds per game.
Reed went on to coach the Knicks to a playoff berth in 1977-78, and also coached the New Jersey Nets and Creighton University. He later served as an executive for the Knicks, as senior vice president of basketball operations.
In 2016 he talked to The New York Times about walking into Madison Square Garden now: "When I walk in and see my number (19) hanging from the ceiling, that's what I'm most proud of. I think to myself that all the hard work paid off."
Character actor Lance Reddick (June 7, 1962-March 17, 2023) specialized in playing intense authority figures on TV and in films. He was best known as Lt. Cedric Daniels on HBO's "The Wire."
A Yale School of Drama graduate, Reddick was also a musician, who studied classical composition at the Eastman School of Music. But his efforts to break into the music industry were coming up short, and his odd jobs landed him in bed with a back injury. That was when, he told Casting Frontier in a 2019 interview, it was time to think outside the box: "You know what? If I keep doing this, I'll be doing this for the rest of my life," he said. "I thought, 'Well, I don't have any money; I don't have any connections. What do I have? … Well, I know I can sing, and I know I can act, 'cause I acted in college.
"'Well, let me try that.'"
He started getting small parts on TV and in the theater, before landing the role of an undercover officer masquerading as a prison inmate in "Oz." He would later star in the series "The Wire," "Fringe" and "Lost." He played Continental Hotel concierge Charon in the "John Wick" films, and earned a SAG Award nomination as part of the cast of "One Night in Miami."
His other appearances include "The West Wing," "CSI: Miami," "Law & Order: Special Victims Unit," "Intelligence," "Corporate," "American Horror Story," "Bosch," "Oldboy," "I Dreamed of Africa," "The Siege," "Great Expectations," and "Angel Has Fallen." He also was a voice actor on such shows as "The Vindicators," "Duck Tales," "Castlevania" and "Rick and Morty," and played characters in video games, including the "Destiny" series.
Still to be released are "White Men Can't Jump," "Shirley," "Ballerina" (a spinoff from "John Wick"), and "The Caine Mutiny Court-Martial."
He released a jazz album, "Contemplations and Remembrances," in 2011. "Growing up as a musician I was always awed by it, but I was scared of it," he said in a 2010 interview with the Philadelphia Sunday Sun. "I always thought jazz musicians were in a special category. There were rock musicians, there were classical musicians, but the jazz musicians were the real cats. …
"As an actor, unless you reach a particular level of stardom, you always feel like just a glorified employee. I really wanted to create something that I felt that I controlled. Started doing the songwriting demo, never intending for it to become an album. I just kept writing and starting writing excessively and listening to different kinds of music. I wrote more and more songs and thought, 'What the heck, I'll just do it.'"
In 1972 Pat Schroeder (July 30, 1940-March 13, 2023) became the first woman elected to Congress from Colorado. During her tenure she fought for women's and family rights, and for expanding the voices of women in government.
A graduate of Harvard Law, Schroeder worked for the National Labor Relations Board and Planned Parenthood, and was a teacher in Denver.
In 1998 she published "24 Years of Housework ... and the Place Is Still a Mess,″ which chronicled the frustration she experienced with the men who dominated Washington, and of her quixotic entry into politics. She wrote that she was asked to partake of a "kamikaze run" in 1972, a year when Democratic presidential candidate George McGovern was deemed to have no coattails in her district. Her husband, a lawyer who himself had lost a state race, told her, "You probably can't even win the primary. But if you don't get in the race and articulate the issues, they will not be discussed. You think the government's policies about Vietnam and the environment are wrongheaded, and you're always urging your students to get involved. It's an opportunity that may not come again." But Schroeder was surprise winner of the primary, and went on to win the general. She would easily win reelection 11 times.
One of her biggest legislative victories was a family leave bill in 1993, which provided job protection to those caring for a newborn, sick child, or parent. She was also instrumental in laws that protected women from being fired because they had become pregnant, and that expanded roles for women in the military.
Schroeder became the first woman named to the House Armed Services Committee, but she was forced to share a chair with Rep. Ron Dellums, the first African American; Schroeder said the committee chairman, Louisiana Democrat F. Edward Hebert, thought the committee was no place for a woman or an African American, and so they were each worth half a seat.
She would use her wit to attack misogyny. When one congressman asked how she could be a House member and the mother of two small children at the same time, she replied, "I have a brain and a uterus, and I use both"; and she once chided Pentagon officials that if they were women, they would always be pregnant, because they never said "No.″ She also applied the phrase "Teflon president" to Ronald Reagan. And to illustrate her charge that lawmakers spent too much time courting special interests and campaign donations, she and several aides climbed the Capitol dome and hung a 15-foot red banner reading, "Sold," as backdrop for a gathering of Republicans on the Capitol's steps celebrating their first 100 days in power in 1994.
She blasted Speaker Newt Gingrich for suggesting women serving in combat would be prone to infections, and filed an ethics complaint over Gingrich's televised college lecture series; he became the first speaker reprimanded by Congress.
"I was never a shrinking violet, but I don't think I would ever have exposed myself to the travails of political life if I hadn't been given last rites at age thirty, almost bleeding to death after giving birth to my daughter," she wrote. "That little ceremony gets your attention!"
After Congress, Schroeder became a professor at Princeton University. She also headed the Association of American Publishers.
Chaim Topol (September 9, 1935-March 8, 2023) was one of Israel's leading actors, who became synonymous with a single character: Tevye, the milkman, in the musical "Fiddler on the Roof." He played the part more than 3,500 times on stages around the world, beginning when he was 30 (aided by heavy makeup), and most recently in 2009, when he was in his mid-70s. (He received a Tony Award nomination for appearing in a 1990 Broadway revival.) He also starred in the 1971 movie version, for which he earned a Golden Globe Award and a best actor Oscar nomination.
While in the Israeli Army in the 1950s, Topol joined a military theatrical troupe, and when his enlistment ended he helped found another theater company. It was while with another troupe that performed works by Shakespeare, Ionesco and Brecht that he became what he called "a serious actor." He made a splash internationally as the lead in the 1964 satirical film "Sallah Shabati," which told of the hardships facing Jewish immigrants. It was the first Israeli production to receive an Academy Award nomination for best foreign language film, and it earned Topol a Golden Globe for most promising newcomer. He later appeared in "Cast a Giant Shadow" (with Kirk Douglas), and "Before Winter Comes" (with David Niven and John Hurt).
He said his experience as a descendant of Russian Jews helped him in his performance as Tevye, a part he was originally not attracted to after seeing Zero Mostel perform on Broadway. "I really didn't like it," Topol told the Jerusalem Post in 2013, "because Zero, as much as he was a genius, was sometimes unfaithful to the text. He was a crazy guy. The music was lovely. But I thought, 'It's not for me.'"
He would change his mind after watching a Hebrew production of "Fiddler," starring Shmuel Rodensky, when he realized "what an idiot I was, what a wonderful part this was, because Rodensky was very serious and he didn't play for the comedy – mainly during the second half, which is very serious – and broke my heart." Topol would later call Tevye "one of the best parts ever written for a male actor-singer."
After playing Tevye in Israel, he was hired to star in the London production, though was asked to drop his first name (as being too difficult to pronounce). He later won the lead in Norman Jewison's film version of "Fiddler on the Roof," which received eight Academy Award nominations and won three Oscars.
Other movie credits include "The Private Eye," "Galileo," "Flash Gordon," and the James Bond film "For Your Eyes Only." He appeared in the TV mini-series "The Winds of War" and "War and Remembrance."
In his later years he served as chairman of Jordan River Village, an overnight camp for Middle Eastern children with chronic or life-threatening illnesses that had partnered with Paul Newman's Hole in the Wall Gang camps.
In 2015 he told the Associated Press that he preferred working with charities to chasing acting roles, and spoke of promoting coexistence at his village in northern Israel: "I can tell you that in our village Jews and Arabs and Christians and Muslims ... are hugging each other, and it works very well when politicians are not involved," he said.
But even without chasing roles, he will be forever recognized as Tevye. "How many people are known for one part? How many people in my profession are known worldwide?" he told the AP. "I'm not complaining."
Traute Lafrenz (May 3, 1919-March 6, 2023) was the last known survivor of the White Rose, a group of students who resisted the Nazi regime in Germany during World War II.
Born in Hamburg, Lafrenz moved to Munich to study medicine. There, she met Hans Scholl, one of a group of students who distributed leaflets opposing Hitler and Nazism. Hans and his sister, Sophie Scholl, were among those arrested and executed. Lafrenz was later arrested by the Gestapo in 1943, but hid her involvement with the White Rose, and received a one-year prison sentence. She was detained again at a prison in Bayreuth, and was awaiting trial when she was freed by American troops in April 1945, during the final days of the war.
She emigrated to the United States, completed her medical training in San Francisco, and married a doctor. She headed a school in Chicago, and retired in South Carolina.
On her 100th birthday Lafrenz was awarded Germany's Order of Merit, citing her as one of the few who, "in the face of the crimes of national socialism, had the courage to listen to the voice of her conscience and rebel against the dictatorship and the genocide of the Jews. She is a heroine of freedom and humanity."
The "mother of the disability rights movement," Judy Heumann (December 18, 1947-March 4, 2023) lost her ability to walk at age 2 after contracting polio. She faced innumerable obstacles beginning in childhood, as when her parents tried to register her for kindergarten. The school denied her, claiming her wheelchair would create a fire hazard.
She grew up to become an activist who, through protests and legal actions, helped secure legislation protecting the rights of the disabled, including the federal Americans with Disabilities Act, Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, and the Rehabilitation Act.
She was featured in the Oscar-nominated 2020 documentary, "Crip Camp," which highlighted Camp Jened, a summer camp in New York's Catskills for people with disabilities, where Heumann was a counselor. The camp helped spark America's disability rights movement.
During the 1970s she won a lawsuit against New York's Board of Education, allowing her to work while using a wheelchair – becoming the first teacher in the state to do so.
Heumann also founded a group called Disabled in Action, which conducted street demonstrations. In 1977, when the Carter administration was delaying the implementation of regulations that would protect the disabled, Heumann lead a sit-in with scores of disabled people (including some from Camp Jened) at a federal office building in San Francisco – an occupying force that a CBS News reporter at the time described as "protesters in wheelchairs, the lame, the palsied and the blind." The sit-in would go on for weeks. Finally, Heumann and a small delegation traveled to Washington, D.C., to gain attention, hauled around town in the back of a truck. "It was very important for all of us that we wanted people to see us," Heumann told "Sunday Morning" in 2021.
On the 23rd day of the San Francisco sit-in, the regulations were very quietly signed in Washington. Heumann told one gathering, "The Congress, the press, the American public have seen that we have stamina, strength and intelligence." Their actions would help bring about passage of the 1990 Americans With Disabilities Act.
Heumann served as assistant secretary of the U.S. Office of Special Education and Rehabilitation Services, from 1993 until 2001. She was also involved in passage of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, ratified in 2008.
Jazz saxophonist and composer Wayne Shorter (August 25, 1933-March 2, 2023) was a member of two of the most celebrated jazz groups of all time: Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers, and the Miles Davis Quintet. He also co-founded the fusion band Weather Report, and composed such jazz standards as "Speak No Evil," "Black Nile," "Footprints," and "Nefertiti."
Growing up in Newark, New Jersey in the 1930s, he loved to draw comics, and would skip school to watch science-fiction films at a local theater. When he was caught, the vice principal forced him into a music class. "So, as I was walking away from her classroom, what was happening to me was what some people call life change," Shorter told "CBS This Morning" in 2018.
In a career spanning nearly seven decades, Shorter would record more than 25 albums, winning 12 Grammys, mostly recently in February 2023 for best improvised jazz solo ("Endangered Species" with Leo Genovese). He received a lifetime Grammy Award in 2015.
He performed and recorded with such artists as Maynard Ferguson, Freddie Hubbard, Herbie Hancock, Joni Mitchell, Carlos Santana, Steely Dan, Norah Jones, and The Rolling Stones. His music has been performed by symphony orchestras in Chicago, Detroit, Lyon, Prague and Amsterdam. He also collaborated with Esperanza Spalding on an operatic work titled "(Iphigenia)."
Shorter was a Kennedy Center honoree in 2018. That year, he was asked by "CBS This Morning" why he loved jazz so much. He exclaimed, "Jazz is a fighter. The word jazz means to me, 'I dare you. Let's jump into the unknown!'"
A pitcher for the South Bend Blue Sox, one of the teams that made up the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League during and after World War II, Jean Faut (January 17, 1925-February 28, 2023) was the league's all-time ERA leader (1.23) after eight seasons, and was second in career wins (140). She also threw two no-hitters, as well as two perfect games – a feat no Major League Baseball pitcher ever matched.
A Pennsylvania high school athlete with a strong arm, Faut pitched batting practice for the East Greenville Cubs, a semipro baseball team. A scout contacted her, and at age 21 Faut was recruited for the all-women's baseball league. She married just before her second season started, and so she would juggle pitching and child-rearing as one of the league's stars.
After five years, her place on the team was jeopardized when her husband, once a Philadelphia Phillies prospect, applied for and got the position of manager of the Blue Sox, without Faut knowing. It led to isolation from her teammates and friction with her husband. She retired in 1953, after leading the league in wins, strikeouts and ERA, and being named the league's Player of the Year for the second time.
Faut later had a second child, divorced her husband, and remarried. She also competed in tournaments of the Professional Women's Bowling Association. Among the jobs she held after her playing days was running the mosquito biology training program at the University of Notre Dame.
Comedian Richard Belzer (August 4, 1944-February 19, 2023) was long a mainstay of comedy clubs and cable specials, rising to become one of the top stand-ups of the '70s and '80s. Cynical, caustic and irreverent, he would engage with the audience, sometimes combatively. But beyond stand-up, he developed a separate persona as John Munch, a wise-cracking homicide detective prone to conspiracy theories, whom he portrayed in nearly a dozen different TV series, beginning in a 1993 episode of "Homicide: Life on the Street." Over the next 23 years Munch would reappear in "The Wire," "Law & Order," "Law & Order: Special Victims Unit," "Law and Order: Trial By Jury," "The X-Files," "The Beat," "Arrested Development," "30 Rock" and "Sesame Street."
Belzer was brought in to read for the part of Munch after the executive producer of "Homicide," Barry Levinson, heard the comedian on "The Howard Stern Show." "The most difficult thing for me was to imagine myself as a detective," Belzer told The Washington Post in 1994. "I had to figure out, how would I be a detective? How could that have happened in my life? I pretended my father was a detective who was killed in the line of duty and I wasn't going to be a cop until he died. ... I invented a past for myself."
Born into an abusive household in Bridgeport, Connecticut (he was beaten by his mother; both parents died, his father by suicide, when Belzer was in his early 20s), he was expelled from college. After a series of jobs (including jewelry salesman, reporter, teacher and census taker), he landed a part in Channel One's "Groove Tube," a satire of television that co-starred Chevy Chase. The sketches, shot on video and presented off-Broadway, were later re-filmed and released as a movie. Belzer then landed at New York City's Catch A Rising Star, becoming a regular and emcee. He served as the warm-up comic for "Saturday Night Live" when the series debuted, and went on to appear in and headline numerous TV specials. In 1984 he hosted the Cinemax talk show "The Richard Belzer Show."
In addition to small roles in "Fame," "Night Shift," "Author! Author!," "Scarface," "Miami Vice," "Fletch Lives," "The Bonfire of the Vanities," "Girl 6," and "Species II," among others, he'd also turn up as himself, in the Andy Kaufman biopic "Man on the Moon," and "The Comedian." Belzer wrote a quasi-self-help book, "How to Be a Stand-Up Comic," and a novel, "I Am Not a Cop!" He also co-authored several books on conspiracy theories, from the Kennedy assassination to UFOs.
He settled a lawsuit with Hulk Hogan after the wrestler made an appearance in 1985 on Belzer's cable talk show "Hot Properties." To demonstrate a professional wrestling move, Hogan put the comedian in a headlock. Belzer fell unconscious, his head opening up on the studio floor. "A lot of people thought it was a stunt, but believe me, it wasn't," Belzer told the Post, explaining that with the settlement money he put a down payment on a house in France, which he cheekily dubbed the Hulk Hogan Arms.
Actress Stella Stevens (October 1, 1938-February 18, 2023) was a charmer whose lasting appeal was due to her deft balancing of her beauty and her light comic touch, perhaps no better employed than as the foil of the starry-eyed Jerry Lewis in the film "The Nutty Professor." She was featured in numerous comedies in the 1960s and '70s (winning a Golden Globe as New Star of the Year in 1960), but probably found her biggest audience as the bickering wife of Ernest Borgnine in the 1972 disaster film, "The Poseidon Adventure," in which she performed many of her own stunts.
Born Estelle Caro Eggleston in Yazoo City, Mississippi, she married young and gave birth to son Andrew Stevens (who became an actor and producer) when she was 17. Two years later, she was divorced and began modeling and acting at Memphis State University, where she was spotted by a press agent at a performance of "Bus Stop." She would go on to win roles in the musicals "Say One for Me" and "Li'l Abner," and posed as a Playboy Playmate of the Month.
After some TV appearances ("Hawaiian Eye," "Alfred Hitchcock Presents," "Bonanza"), she starred in "The Courtship of Eddie's Father" and the Elvis Presley picture "Girls! Girls! Girls!" Then came "The Nutty Professor," playing student Stella Purdy, whom Lewis pines for, and tries to win over via the magic of chemistry, which transforms the nebbish into a suave man-about-town.
Other pictures included "The Secret of My Success," "The Silencers," "Where Angels Go, Trouble Follows," "How to Save a Marriage and Ruin Your Life," Sam Peckinpah's comic western "The Ballad of Cable Hogue," and "Nickelodeon." She was also featured in dramas, including John Cassavetes' "Too Late Blues," "Rage," "The Mad Room," and "A Town Called Hell." She contributed to the blaxploitation genre, filming a love scene with Jim Brown in "Slaughter," and fighting Tamara Dobson in "Cleopatra Jones and the Casino of Gold."
During the '70s and '80s she appeared frequently on TV, including the pilot for "Wonder Woman" opposite Lynda Carter, "Police Story," "Hart to Hart," "Flamingo Road," "Matt Houston," "The Love Boat," "Fantasy Island," "Night Court," "Murder, She Wrote," "Magnum, P.I.," and "Santa Barbara."
In 1979 Stevens directed a documentary, "The American Heroine," which failed to win distribution. Ten years later, she directed her son in the romantic comedy "The Ranch."
Though she idolized Marilyn Monroe, she told Delta Magazine in 2010 that she didn't want to imitate Monroe – she wanted to be herself. "I want to be remembered for whatever made people laugh the most," she said. "I did like to make people laugh."
When she was seven years old, Raquel Welch (September 5, 1940-February 15, 2023) had her first taste of acting on stage, playing a boy – an ironic introduction for an actress who would become internationally renowned as a leading sex symbol, applying her stunning beauty, a challenging self-confidence and a comic touch to performances on stage and screen.
Born of an Anglo mother and Bolivian father, Jo-Raquel Tejada was a beauty pageant winner, actress, dancer and San Diego TV news "weathergirl." She was also a divorced mother of two young children when she met her second of four husbands, actor-turned-press agent Patrick Curtis, who helped shape her career. She had a flurry of guest roles in TV comedies (including "Bewitched" and "McHale's Navy"), a bit part in the Elvis Presley film "Roustabout," and a starring role opposite Marcello Mastroianni in the Italian "Shoot Loud, Louder... I Don't Understand," before starring in the sci-fi adventure "Fantastic Voyage," playing a scientist shrunken and injected into a man's bloodstream.
An even larger role came in the British dinosaur-and-caveman flick "One Million Years B.C.," its poster and advertising images beckoning moviegoers with a provocative Welch clad in a deerskin bikini. She had virtually no lines, but didn't need them to stun a global audience. As The New York Times opined, the film featured "a marvelous breathing monument to womankind named Raquel Welch."
She became a phenomenon, gracing magazine covers and starring in a string of movies, from westerns ("Bandolero!," "100 Rifles," "Hannie Caulder"), thrillers ( "Fathom"), mysteries ("Lady in Cement," "The Last of Sheila"), and the limited genre of roller derby films ("Kansas City Bomber"). She had a pronounced gift for comedy ("Bedazzled," "The Magic Christian," "Myra Breckinridge," "Fuzz," "Crossed Swords," "Mother, Jugs & Speed," "The Wild Party"), winning a Golden Globe for "The Three Musketeers." She showcased her musical talents on TV alongside such glam stars as Tom Jones, Cher and Miss Piggy.
She won positive reviews when she replaced Lauren Bacall on Broadway in the musical "Woman of the Year," and returned to the Great White Way for "Victor/Victoria" (this time playing a girl playing a boy playing a girl). On TV, she starred as the Latina Aunt Dora on PBS' "American Family," reclaiming part of her heritage (her father had banned speaking Spanish at home when she was growing up). She also got into a catfight with Julia Louis-Dreyfus on "Seinfeld."
Welch also authored a bestselling book, starred in exercise videos, and helped raise millions for the American Cancer Society to buy wigs for cancer patients.
The recipient of six Grammy Awards and three Oscars, songwriter, composer and pianist Burt Bacharach (May 12, 1928-February 8, 2023) helped create the soundtrack of several decades' worth of pop hits, his musicianship drawing comparisons to Cole Porter. But he hadn't even wanted to go into the music business. "I thought I'd probably wind up in the men's clothing business," he told "Sunday Morning" in 2002, "because I thought it was the easiest, most accessible job that my dad might be able to introduce me to."
But then, after listening to the songs of the day, he decided that it would be easy to write them. "I mean, they were really ordinary, familiar. I thought this could be a snap. I was wrong! I did really, really bad!"
Having grown up influenced by both jazz and classical, Bacharach's talent would be proven in creating melodies, though as a young man studying composition, he realized his peers favored an edgier, more dissonant sound. He told "60 Minutes" in 1999, "I had this one, the middle movement of this sonata, and I was almost ashamed to play it in class because it was so melodic, it really had a melody. And I kind of shuffled it through and played it, and he said … 'Burt, don't ever, ever feel ashamed of writing something that's melodic, and that people can remember.'"
He was the orchestra leader for Marlene Dietrich's cabaret shows, and wrote music for Broadway ("Promises, Promises"), and the movies ("Alfie," "What's New, Pussycat," "Casino Royale," "Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid," "Arthur"). Bacharach's songs, often written with longtime collaborator Hal David, were poignant, sometimes melancholic ballads about love and loss, and were consistent chart-toppers. His music was recorded by such artists as Nat King Cole, Perry Como, The Drifters, Cilla Black, Tom Jones, Dusty Springfield, Doris Day, Aretha Franklin, Luther Vandross, Carole Bayer Sager, Andy Williams, Roberta Flack, The 5th Dimension, Neil Diamond, Rod Stewart, Patti LaBelle, and Christopher Cross.
But the singer most closely tied to his work was Dionne Warwick. Their string of immortal hits included "I'll Never Fall in Love Again," "Don't Make Me Over," "Wishin' and Hopin'," "Anyone Who Had a Heart," "Walk On By," "A House Is Not a Home," "You'll Never Get to Heaven (If You Break My Heart)," "I Say a Little Prayer," and "Do You Know the Way to San Jose."
By the mid-seventies Bacharach's music faded somewhat, as pop became harder, and his smooth melodies and lush, often quirky arrangements seemed stuck in the sixties. But then, who better to capture the era of Swinging London in the "Austin Powers" films? Bacharach appeared as himself in comedian Mike Myers' first James Bond spoof, performing "What the World Needs Now Is Love," and returned for the sequels.
Back in the public eye, he was soon back on the pop charts, thanks to an unlikely partner, British punk rocker Elvis Costello. After the two teamed on a song for the film "Grace of My Heart," they collaborated on the album "Painted From Memory," which featured "I Still Have That Other Girl," earning the pair a Grammy for best pop collaboration with vocals.
A lesson in Bacharach's innovation – and his singular knack for melody – could be heard in his story, told to "60 Minutes," about the trouble he had with musicians performing one song, sung by Warwick: "I remember having a huge fight with the band at the Apollo, 'cause she was singing 'Anyone Who Had a Heart,' and that changes time signature every bar. They didn't know why I'd done it. And I'm saying, 'Listen, here's the thing: the record's a Top 10, so people are reacting to it. It's Top 10 in the country; people are getting it, and they're not trying to count it. Why don't you guys just try to, instead of reading what's on the paper, just feel it in your heart?'"
Hall of Famer and two-time MVP Bobby Hull (January 3, 1939-January 30, 2023) helped the Chicago Blackhawks win the Stanley Cup in 1961. One of the most prolific forwards in NHL history, he scored 610 times during his 16-year career with Chicago, Hartford and Winnipeg. Nicknamed "The Golden Jet" for his speed and blond hair, he also collected 303 goals while playing for the Jets in the World Hockey Association for seven seasons, having been lured away from the NHL with hockey's first $1 million contract.
Hull was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1983, and his No. 9 sweater was retired by the Blackhawks that same year.
In 1965 Hull talked with Sports Illustrated about his intuitions on how a game might turn out: "There are nights when I can tell long before a game how it is going to go. When you first go out onto the ice in the warmup you can tell. If your legs feel light you kind of smile to yourself and you take great joy in skating around and getting warm. When I go back down into the dressing room 15 minutes before the game I often say to Dennis [Hull, his brother and teammate], 'I feel he's got it tonight; I feel he's got it tonight.' Dennis laughs and sometimes he kids me by sending the word down the line: 'The Rolls-Royce is going to roll tonight.'"
Lisa Loring (February 16, 1958-January 28, 2023) was a child actor ("Dr. Kildare") and model when, at the age of five, she was cast as Wednesday Addams in the 1960s sitcom "The Addams Family." Inspired by Charles Addams' gruesomely hilarious cartoons of a sinister family living in a Gothic mansion, Wednesday was the young girl who played with a headless doll and kept a black widow spider as a pet. She also had some funky dance moves.
Loring told the Sydney Morning Herald in 2017 that, when auditioning, she topped actresses much older than she was for the role (it helped that she resembled Carolyn Jones, who played her mother, Morticia), but didn't have a problem learning her lines: "I learned to memorize before I could read."
Her life beyond "Addams Family" was certainly colorful. After her mother died, she married at age 15 – it was the first of four marriages (one of her husbands performed in porn films). She continued acting, on the soap opera "As the World Turns," in guest appearances on "Fantasy Island" and "Barnaby Jones," and in genre films, such as "Blood Frenzy," "Savage Harbor" and "Doctor Spine." And she'd appear at conventions, where she'd autograph pictures of her five-year-old self.
Guitarist Tom Verlaine (December 13, 1949-January 28, 2023) became a fixture of the downtown New York music venue CBGB, where he performed alongside such acts as the Ramones, Patti Smith and Talking Heads, including as part of the proto-punk band, Television, which he co-founded.
Television's groundbreaking debut album "Marquee Moon" (1977) included a nearly 11-minute title track and "Elevation." The band broke up the following year, after the release of their second album, "Adventure." Verlaine was part of the lineup when the band reformed in the mid-'90s (when they released their third album), and again in 2001. Verlaine also went on to release ten albums of his own, his most successful being 1981's "Dreamtime."
His influences were less rock 'n' roll and more jazz and avant-garde concert composers (like Ligeti and Penderecki). Though he had a low professional profile, his guitar shredding and improvisations produced a unique sound (what Smith once described as "like a thousand bluebirds screaming") that influenced such performers as Michael Stipe and Flea.
In 2006 Verlaine, described by The New York Times as a "guitar god," explained to the paper why he hadn't pursued more commercial success: "When I first started touring, having to get up at 7 a.m. to get on buses or go to airports after playing all night, I thought: 'This is terrible. This is not what music is about.' It dawned on me that I had to make a decision: Am I going to go along with this whole thing or not? I just said, nah. I decided against the whole 'careering' thing."
Emmy Award-winning college basketball broadcaster Billy Packer (February 25, 1940-January 26, 2023) worked as an analyst and color commentator on every Final Four for 34 years beginning in 1975, for NBC and CBS.
Packer, who played three seasons at Wake Forest, and helped lead the Demon Deacons to the college tournament in 1962; 13 years later he was in the broadcast booth. He joined CBS in 1981, and was the network's main analyst until the 2008 Final Four. That year he was inducted into the National Collegiate Basketball Hall of Fame.
In 2007 he told CBS Sports, "I had a chance to play in a Final Four way back in 1962 in San Diego, and about the only people who knew about it were the people from the various schools that were in it, and a few people in San Diego. But from a national perspective it was nothing like it became, even when I started broadcasting. Of course, now it's become kind of a ritual, the month of March, for America."
In 2008 singer-songwriter-guitarist David Crosby (August 14, 1941-January 18, 2023) told "Sunday Morning" a key to understanding the power and longevity of his music: "The best songs take you a while to digest, and no two people get exactly the same picture from them because they incite a little fire. They ignite a little fire in your imagination."
Since the 1960s, Crosby has fired up lots of imaginations. Crosby dropped out of college to pursue his passion for music, and in 1964 he joined The Byrds, but his stint with the band came to an unhappy end, when he was thrown out. "I wasn't that easy to handle," he said. "I had a big ego, and I wanted them to play my songs. I was starting to write pretty good songs."
He'd performed with Buffalo Springfield, before teaming with Stephen Stills and Graham Nash (and, for a time, Neil Young), to record some of the most essential music of the era, including the albums "Crosby, Stills & Nash" (1969), "Déjà Vu" (1970), the live album "4 Way Street" (1971), and "CSN" (1977). When Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young started touring in the summer of '69, the second gig they ever played was a little gathering called Woodstock.
The production of "Déjà Vu" came at a particularly fraught time for each of the band's members. For Crosby, his girlfriend, Christine Hinton, had been killed in a car crash. "I was in terrible shape," Crosby told Anthony Mason in 2021. "I was damn near destroyed. I'm just really lucky we were making that record, because it gave me a raison d'être … It's what kept me alive."
Crosby would record 17 studio albums with The Byrds, CS&N and others. He also released eight solo studio albums, including 1971's "If I Could Only Remember My Name." Among the songs for which Crosby is credited as writer or co-writer are "Renaissance Fair," "Everybody's Been Burned," "Wooden Ships," "Long Time Gone," "Déjà Vu," "Guinnevere," "Almost Cut My Hair," "Long Time Gone," and "Laughing."
In the 1980s addiction led to drug charges and a year-and-a-half in prison, during which he went cold turkey, and came out vowing to remain sober. In later years he received a liver transplant and underwent heart surgery. But he also recorded four albums as part of the trio CPR (in which he performed with session guitarist Jeff Pevar, and keyboardist James Raymond, a child he'd had out of wedlock and given up for adoption in 1962, with whom he'd reunited).
In 2000 it was revealed that Crosby was the father (via artificial insemination) of two children Melissa Etheridge shared with her then-partner Julie Cypher.
Lloyd Morrisett (November 2, 1929-January 15, 2023), who had trained to be a teacher with a background in psychology, and who earned his doctorate in experimental psychology at Yale University, was looking for new ways to educate children from less-advantaged backgrounds.
In 1966, at a dinner party with documentary producer Joan Ganz Cooney, Morrisett asked her, "Joan, do you think television could be used to teach young children?" Their conversations about the possibilities led to the founding of the Children's Television Workshop, and their marquee production, "Sesame Street,"
Morrisett and Cooney worked with Harvard University developmental psychologist Gerald Lesser to build the show's unique approach to teaching, featuring a culturally-diverse cast, augmented with Jim Henson's lovable Muppets. Since its 1969 debut, "Sesame Street" has won 216 Emmys, 11 Grammys, and the Kennedy Center Honor for lifetime artistic achievement – the first television program to receive the award. The series is shown in more than 150 countries, reaching 120 million children.
Lisa Marie Presley
The only child of Elvis Presley, Lisa Marie Presley (February 1, 1968-January 12, 2023) lived with her mother, actress Priscilla Presley, after her parents split up in 1973, when Lisa Marie was four. But she remembered her father during frequent visits to Graceland, including when he'd make his entrances. "He was always fully, fully geared up," she told The Associated Press in 2012. "You'd never see him in his pajamas coming down the steps, ever. You'd never see him in anything but 'ready to be seen' attire."
Lisa Marie was just nine when Elvis died, but he loomed large over her life, as she embarked on a career as a singer-songwriter, even mixing her voice with his in a video of his 1969 ballad, "Don't Cry Daddy." She performed on stage with such artists as Pat Benatar and Richard Hawley, and recorded three albums, two of which – "To Whom It May Concern" and "Now What" – hit Billboard's Top 10.
Lisa Marie's personal life was rocky: four marriages (including to Michael Jackson and Nicolas Cage), struggles with drugs, custody battles and financial hardships. One of her sons, Benjamin Storm Presley Keough, died by suicide in 2020.
The sole heir of the Elvis Presley Trust after her father died, she sold her majority interest in the trust in 2005, but retained ownership of Graceland Mansion, its contents, and the 13 acres surrounding it.
In 2012 she told the AP, "I'm proud to be my father's daughter … I do feel honored about that."
Robbie Bachman (February 18, 1953-January 12, 2023) was drummer for the Canadian hard rock band Bachman-Turner Overdrive, whose hits in the 1970s included "Takin' Care of Business" and "You Ain't Seen Nothin' Yet."
Robbie and his brothers, Randy and Tim, were Winnipeg natives who'd played music since childhood. After Randy abruptly left The Guess Who following their success with "American Woman," the three Bachmans teamed up for the group Brave Belt, joined by bassist/vocalist Fred Turner. Brave Belt would eventually morph into Bachman-Turner Overdrive (the word "Overdrive" pinched from the cover of a trucker magazine).
Between 1973 and 1979 the group released eight albums, including "Not Fragile" and "Four Wheel Drive" (which both hit #1 on the Billboard chart), "Head On," and their eponymous debut album.
In addition to "Takin' Care of Business" and "You Ain't Seen Nothin' Yet," BTO's Top 20 hits included "Let It Ride," "Roll On Down the Highway," "Hey You," "Quick Change Artist," and "Down to the Line."
In 1980, a few years after Randy left the group, BTO broke up. The brothers rarely performed together afterwards.
In 2014, when BTO was inducted into the Canadian Music Hall of Fame, Robbie explained the music's appeal, and what differentiated it from other rock at the time, to the Toronto Star: "We didn't tell anybody they were wrong or anything was bad or don't do this. It was basically, have a good time, fun music. … Just coming out of the '70s with the Vietnam War and all the political things going on — in Canada with Trudeau, and Richard Nixon and stuff like that — we just basically had enough of that stuff."
As a member of The Yardbirds and later as a solo artist, guitar virtuoso Jeff Beck (June 24, 1944-January 10, 2023) pushed the boundaries of rock 'n' roll, incorporating jazz, funk, blues and opera into his music, which was improvisational — and inspirational to generations of guitar shredders.
He performed with artists as varied as Jimi Hendrix, Brian Wilson, Stevie Wonder, Cyndi Lauper, Wynonna Judd, Rod Stewart and Luciano Pavarotti. He recorded 17 albums, including "Truth," "Beck-Ola," "Jeff Beck Group," "Beck, Bogert & Appice," "Blow by Blow," "Wired," "There & Back," "Emotion & Commotion," and "18." As a guest artist he performed on numerous recordings, including by Tina Turner ("Private Dancer"), Mick Jagger ("She's the Boss"), Diana Ross ("Swept Away"), ZZ Top ("Hey Mr. Millionaire"), and Ozzy Osbourne ("Patient Number 0").
Beck won eight Grammy Awards, and was twice inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame (as a member of the Yardbirds, and as a solo act).
The son of a New Hampshire plumber, novelist Russell Banks (March 28, 1940-January 7, 2023) often wrote, in such acclaimed works as "Affliction," "The Sweet Hereafter" and "Continental Drift," about the world of trailer parks and debt-plagued people barely hanging on – "People who perceive themselves and are pretty much perceived as outside the mainstream wanting to get in or, having failed that, trying to figure out how to live outside," he told "Sunday Morning" in 1995.
A professor emeritus at Princeton University, Banks was raised in the Northeast, and lived near the burial ground of abolitionist John Brown, in North Elba, New York. He told the Associated Press in 1998 of walking past his grave often enough that Brown "became a kind of ghostly presence" – the subject of his ambitious 1998 novel, "Cloudsplitter," a finalist for the Pulitzer Prize.
Beginning with his 1975 "Family Life," Banks penned 14 novels, including "Rule of the Bone," "The Darling," and his last, 2022's "The Magic Kingdom." He also wrote short story collections and nonfiction.
A moralist writing about the marginalized, Banks said of his work, "I'm operating out of a belief that all lives are interconnected and that we're all implicated in each other's fates in significant ways and bear terrible responsibilities toward and for each other, most of which we abandon and run from. But I believe it."
This gallery was originally published January 20, 2023.